RACE RELATIONS AND RACIAL JUSTICE
REIMAGINING THE NARRATIVE: INTERRACIAL PERSPECTIVE
The Interracial Perspective collection of fabric art scrolls includes experimental extractions and erasures of interracial narratives from the 1800s through the 2000s––inspired by racial tension within Supreme and District court cases and presidential elections, and Jefferies’ own experience with interracial marriage and how this union presents unsaid difficulties about being human in a racial society which is often more about race than about being human––along with streams of consciousness that respond to these narratives.
* Erasures inspired by the court cases: 1878 Kinney v. the Commonwealth, Virginia Supreme court case about the marriage between a “black” man and a “white” woman, and the laws prohibiting interracial marriage; 1883 Pace v. Alabama, U.S. Supreme Court case about the marriage between a “negro” man and a “white” woman, and the laws prohibiting interracial marriage; 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson, U.S. Supreme Court case about a man of mixed race, and “separate-but-equal” laws between races; 1941 Estate of Monks, Superior Court case about a deceased “white” man, and the laws surrounding his will declaring his estate to a woman, determined to be “negro decent,” and the prohibition of interracial marriage; 1948 Perez et al. v. Lippold, Supreme Court case about a “white” woman and a “negro” man seeking a license to marry, and the laws prohibiting interracial marriage; 1954 Brown v. Board of Education, Supreme Court case about the segregation of “white” and “negro” children in public schools, and the laws surrounding “separate but equal” adopted in Plessy v. Ferguson, and equal protection guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment; 1964 McLaughlin v. Florida, U.S. Supreme court case about the interracial relations between “whites” and “negroes,” and the laws prohibiting cohabitation and fornication; 1967 Loving v. Virginia, U.S. Supreme Court case about the interracial marriage between a “negro” woman and a “white” man, and the violation of equal protection and the Fourteenth Amendment; and 2016 United States v. City of Ferguson, U.S. District Court case about the discrimination against “African American residents.”
REIMAGINING THE NARRATIVE: ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE
The Environmental Justice collection of fabric art scrolls includes experimental extractions and erasures of environmental justice narratives from 1979 through present day. The large scroll in this collection includes erasures of six court cases of environmental justice and the artist’s stream of consciousness, Basic Human Rights, in response to these cases and issues. Each of the six additional scrolls includes the erasure from one case and buttons which loosely hold fabric tags representing names of those involved in the case. With the use of black lines and erasure on these fabric tags, the absence of names represents not only those involved in the case, but also those unnamed in the issues of environmental injustice and the names of those whose stories may never be told.
*Erasures inspired by cases: 1979 Bean v. Southwestern Waste Management Corp., 2001 South Camden Citizens v. NJ Dept. of Environmental Protection, 2008 BEATRICE HOLT, individually and as surviving spouse and next of kin of her husband, HARRY HOLT, deceased; SHEILA HOLT-ORSTED, individually and as natural mother of JASMINE ORSTED, a minor; BONITA HOLT; O’BRIAN HOLT; BRANDON HOLT; PATRICK HOLT, individually and as natural parent of BIANCA BENTLEY, a minor, and PATRICK HOLT, JR., a minor; DEMETRIUS HOLT; and DAVID BROWN; all individually and as next of kin of HARRY HOLT, deceased, v. SCOVILL, INC., n/k/a SALTIRE INDUSTRIAL INC.; ALPER HOLDINGS USA, INC.; COUNTY OF DICKSON, TENNESSEE; CITY OF DICKSON, TENNESSEE; BETSY L. CHILD, COMMISSIONER OF THE TENNESSEE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND CONSERVATION; and SUSAN R. COOPER, COMMISSIONER OF THE TENNESSEE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH., 2017 NAVAJO NATION v. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR; RYAN ZINKE, Secretary of the Interior; UNITED STATES BUREAU OF RECLAMATION; BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, STATE OF ARIZONA; CENTRAL ARIZONA WATER CONSERVATION DISTRICT; ARIZONA POWER AUTHORITY; SALT RIVER PROJECT AGRICULTURAL IMPROVEMENT AND POWER DISTRICT; SALT RIVER VALLEY WATER USERS’ ASSOCIATION; IMPERIAL IRRIGATION DISTRICT; METROPOLITAN WATER DISTRICT OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA; COACHELLA VALLEY WATER DISTRICT; STATE OF NEVADA; COLORADO RIVER COMMISSION OF NEVADA., 2018 RESIDENTS OF GORDON PLAZA, INC. v. MITCH LANDRIEU, in his official capacity as Mayor of the City of New Orleans, and the CITY OF NEW ORLEANS., 2018 Carthan v. Snyder.
REIMAGINING THE NARRATIVE: ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE (INTERACTIVE SCROLL)
The Environmental Justice Interactive fabric art scrolls includes Jefferies’ stream of consciousness, Basic Human Rights, in response to cases and issues of Environmental Justice in this collection and black buttons. The buttons serve as an invitation for the viewer to button on a fabric tag representing a written place or name affected by environmental injustice, the absence of a place or name, or a black line symbolizing a place or name. The buttons loosely hold the fabric tags which may evolve and change over time, and allows for the viewer to interact with the narratives as an active participant in reimagining the narrative.
REIMAGINING THE NARRATIVE: RACIAL IDENTITY
The Racial Identity fabric art scroll includes an experimental erasure and images of Tommy Jefferies, along with the stream of consciousness, The Weight of a Name, that responds to the narratives of Racial Identity. This scroll is assembled with Tommy’s hoodie, symbolizing stereotypes by race, and an N95 mask, symbolizing disparities and discrimination among race, and the right to breathe without a knee to the neck.
*Erasure inspired by case: 2016 United States v. City of Ferguson.
REIMAGINING THE NARRATIVE: A RACE FOR REPARATIONS
The Reparations fabric art scroll includes an experimental erasure of the Henrietta Wood case, along with the stream of consciousness, A Race for Reparations, that responds to the narratives of slavery and the need for reconciliation and reparations to an entire race.
*Erasure inspired by case: 1878, Wood v. Ward
DIVERSITY AND INCLUSION
CHANGING THE NARRATIVE: HANDS UNITED FOR PRIDE
FULL SAIL UNIVERSITY COMMUNITY ART SCROLL
The “Hands United for Pride” Community Art Scroll aims to change the narrative of discrimination for the LGBTQ community by bringing together the diverse Full Sail community to stand together in support of Pride. Full Sail University students and employees from ten departments across the campus, including Full Sail President, Garry Jones, trace their hands to join one another in support for Pride. Each hand, individually traced directly on fabric or uniquely traced on paper and then printed onto fabric, is submitted electronically or by drop-off during the continued pandemic. Each hand is stitched and layered together with the others along with the stream of consciousness. In this stream of consciousness response, Jefferies reflects on the imperfection of the traced lines, representing each of our identities, “imperfect and unique.” In cutting around the lines, Jefferies contemplates the significance of the curves captured by the pen around several rings on some of the hands. These rings offer a story that we cannot see or know, but often represents the love for another, “any other.”